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What is a composite filling?

Composite filling (white filling) is a material made of glass and silica that is compatible with the colour of the tooth and is used in dentistry to reconstruct damaged or decayed tooth structure. After being placed in the desired area of the tooth, it is hardened with the help of a light filler and transformed into a tooth-like structure.


It is one of the most common types of filling that has been used in dental clinics for many years. It is inexpensive, has good durability, is chewable and is easy to work with. Another advantage of composite fillings is that it can be treated on the same day.


In which areas are composite fillings used?

Composite fillings can be used for all teeth in the front and back. The reason why composite fillings are usually done on the back teeth is because brushing is least effective in this area, plus effective cleaning is not possible at the interfaces when brushing with a toothbrush.


In some cases, decay also occurs in the areas of our teeth that face the cheek, near the gums. In this caries, we feel sensitivity to heat and cold. Composite fillings are successfully used for this caries.


How is a composite filling performed?

The tooth or teeth that need a filling are identified through clinical examination and x-rays. To avoid pain during the treatment, the patient is given a local anaesthetic. Carious teeth must first be cleaned of decay, then the composite filling is placed appropriately, consolidated with a light filler, and in the final stage the necessary minor corrections are made and a polish is applied.

In the first few days after the treatment, there may be sensitivity to cold and heat, but this will disappear by itself within a few days.


What are the advantages of composite fillings?

Composite fillings, which are indistinguishable because they are integrated into the natural teeth, are very advantageous in terms of price and performance.


  • Natural tooth colour.

  • Aesthetic and natural appearance.

  • The fitting time is very short and there are no negative effects.

  • If no other treatment is performed, it takes 30-40 minutes and can be completed in a single session.

  • It can be used for all teeth in the front and back.

  • Resistant to fractures.

  • Their lifespan is long if they are well maintained.

  • It has the advantage that the procedure can be renewed in case of a fall or decay.

Do composite fillings fall off?

If the procedures to be followed before composite filling are followed, the chances of the filling falling off are very low. If oral hygiene is not maintained, there is a possibility of recaries forming in teeth with composite fillings.

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